Solomon’s Seal Rhizome

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Apocynum leaf is one of the lesser-known herbs originating in Asia, especially in North America. Its use has been limited to folk remedies and as a healthy tea drink for many years but now is becoming a popular ingredient in herbal formulas. Scientists in the West and across Asia are also looking at the possible health benefits of apcoynum venetum leaf.

Solomon’s Seal Rhizome

Although Solomon’s seal is a lesser-known herb in modern North America, it has a long history of use in Asia, North America, and in Europe. Fragrant Solomon’s seal rhizome is known as yù zhú, meaning Jade Bamboo in Traditional Chinese Medicine.

The fibrous rhizome of Fragrant Solomon’s seal is a crucial ingredient in traditional medicine practices across Asia. The dried rhizome of polygonati odorati rhizoma, is classified as a medicinal resource with top grade medical and edible properties in ancient medicinal plant records.

What is a Rhizome

The different parts of the plant have different names and uses in TCM. The rhizome of the plant is a stem that continuously grows in a horizontal pattern. Rhizomes are only a small part of the plant but because they are constantly growing underground, they contain high levels of important nutrients. The word polygonatum comes from the ancient Greek word for knee, inspired by the articulated rhizomes from which the plants grow

Where Solomon’s Seal Rhizome Comes From

Fragrant Solomon’s seal is a plant that can be found in the Northern Hemisphere across Asia and North America. It’s prominent in traditional Korean medicine where it’s known as dunggulle (둥굴레) and in Chinese Traditional Medicine known as yù zhú (玉竹).

Different subscpecies of Solomon’s seal were an important food source for Native Americans and early European settlers because of its starchy roots. It was used to make bread, soup, and teas in North America.

Legend of Yù Zhú

A tale from the Tang Dynasty period in ancient China told of a lady in watiting who escaped from the palace. She lived in the forest, eating only yù zhú for a long time before meeting her future husband, a hunter. The yù zhú made her skin smooth and beautiful. After many years she returned to her home village where the towns people were shocked to see that she looked the same at 60 years old as she did as a young woman.

The Name Solomon’s Seal

The common name typically refers to large, round bumps (scars from leaf stems) located on the rhizomes it is believed to refer to the round, flat scars from leaves on the rhizomes of plants believed to resemble the old seal of King Solomon.

Top Benefits of Solomon’s Seal Rhizome

Soothing for Mucous Membranes

Calming and Soothing for Nerves

Adaptogenic Properties (Energy Balance)


Soothing for Digestion

Healthy Inflammation Response 

Yù Zhú in TCM

Yù zhú is a key ingredient in traditional herbal formulas. Its balancing quality makes it especially helpful for ailments caused by modern living, like burn-out and overall inflammation in the body. It’s considered a sweet herb in traditional Chinese herbalism, making it ideal for detoxing and replenishing the life force or energy in the body known as qi. 

Yù Zhú as a Tonic Herb

In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), angular Solomon’s seal roots are plants that are categorized as “tonic” herbs and are often used to fight yin deficiency. Tonic herbs are meant for longer term use because they can help keep the body in balance. All herbs in the tonic category can have overall health benefits, and some are better for specific systems of the body.

This herb is often used to support those with heart related illnesses, complications from unbalanced blood sugar, and other illnesses. Along with teas and tinctures, yù zhú is added nutritious soups and other food to support health. 

Yin Nourishing Herbs

Yù zhú is an excellent herb to support those with Yin deficiency along with healthy sleep habits. Yin deficiency happens when the body becomes too hot and there is a lack of bodily fluids. It manifests in many ways in the body, causing dry mouth, inflammation, and exhaustion.

Yù zhú acts as a yin nourishing herb, helping to lubricate the body and build blood health.  component of blood – the active component of the liquid. It releases heat and soothes inflammation in the body.

Top Yù Zhú TCM Benefits

Nourishes Yin

Moisturizes and Lubricates

 Balances Heat

 Promotes Production of Body Fluids

Soothes Cough and Scratchy Throat

Immune Support

Fragrant Solomon’s Seal Research

Western research of fragrant Solomon’s seal is limited but understanding of its benefits continues to grow in the scientific community. One study looked at the herbs benefits for metabolic syndrome, which is a group of health symptoms related to obesity. The herb is widely used in Asian countries to balance blood sugar and blood fat imbalances. It’s been a dependable ingredient in Asian health clinics for over 2000 years but there is very little in the way of modern research on the herb.

Polysaccharides in Fragrant Solomon Seal

The top source of Solomon’s seal health benefits appear to come from the high polysaccharide content of the herb. The herb has high levels of polysaccharides including flavonoids, polyphenols, and amino acids. Polysaccharides are long chain sugars (or carbohydrates) that provide energy, healthy immune support, and immune supporting properties. Polysaccharides are major components of human nutrition because they supply many bioactive benefits and healthy energy.

Polysaccharide Content of Fragrant Solomon’s Seal

Total polysaccharide 81.61%
Total flavonoid 0.26%
Total polyphenol 0.61%
Total amino acid 2.56%
The other components 14.94%

Lowered Blood Glucose in Animal Model

The study wanted to see how an extract of fragrant solomon’s seal could affect the health of rats on high fat diets with metabolic disorders like diabetes and high blood fat. While the extract showed no weight loss benefits for the animal subjects, it seemed to stop further weight gain. Glucose tolerance improved, and insulin resistance was improved in the animal models. While more research is needed for human application, the findings of the research indicate that fragrant Solomon’s seal could be a safe choice for preventing metabolic disorders.


Lee, Shiou Yih & Chen, Zhihui & Chen, Zhiming & Jingrui, Chen & Zhang, Xinjian & Pan, Jiawen & Fan, Qiang & Liao, Wenbo. (2021). Plastid genome sequencing, identification of nuclear SNP markers, and quality assessment of medicinal rhizomatous herb Polygonatum odoratum (Asparagaceae) cultivars. Ecology and Evolution. 10.1002/ece3.7599

Gu, M., Zhang, Y., Fan, S., Ding, X., Ji, G., & Huang, C. (2013). Extracts of Rhizoma polygonati odorati prevent high-fat diet-induced metabolic disorders in C57BL/6 mice. PloS one, 8(11), e81724.


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